one of the odd yet interesting ideas that philosopher's demand be debated is that of the true nature of the human being. Which form of a new body this soul takes depends on its last attempt at a pure, clean life. According to the Traditional theory of human nature the humans are viewed as intellectual beings with a great capacity for reasoning. Besides the two philosophers agreeing about the distinct existence of the human being outside the body, both philosophers seem to believe humans are born with certain ideas present within their minds. The mind, according to Descartes, was a "thinking thing" and an immaterial substance, which was the essence of him that could doubt, believe, hope, and think. . After reading Plato's five dialogues and Descartes six meditations, I am lead to believe that both philosophers commonly share the idea that the human being is able to exist without the physical body; Plato through the soul and Descartes through the mind.
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The spirit, responsible for the feelings and temper, occupied the chest of the human body. He went to great details about our closest living relative the chimpanzees, and how their survival was base on they will to fight. There ye stand, my children said to be or not to be essay analysis the figure, in a deep and solemn tone, almost sad, with its despairing awfulness, as if his once angelic nature could yet mourn for our miserable race. The argument of mans theoretical nature is continued by English philosophers John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, who go beyond the base of good and evil to more fully elaborate what is is that defines the nature of man. Hsun Tzu argued that good was not something man was born with, but that it was learned and must be actively practiced to overcome the greed he believed man was born with. Wilson placed human nature under this category because he believed that the human brain formed its characteristics based on the theory that Brains that choose wisely possess superior Darwinian fitness, meaning that statistically they survive longer and leave more offspring (Wilson 145). By taking a closer look at Plato's philosophy of the human nature it is fair to conclude that by reason, he meant the unique human capacity to think in complexity and to be in charge of his own actions. These brains that chose more wisely than that of their peers lived on, according to Wilson, within their offspring, eventually causing the traits of their ancestors that made them superior to become hardwired into the brain, no longer a rare advantage, but a common trait. These men agreed that people needed a government of some sort in place to keep its citizens from the state of nature, or a state lacking laws and social structure, and that its citizens needed a social contract with said government, in which they would. Mencius said that mans nature is good, while Hsun Tzu argued from the opposite side.